Scotland History

In March 1286, death of Alexander III followed by death of his granddaughter Margaret that broke the succession inline of Scottish King. Then is let to interventions of the England's Edward I, who manipulated the period of confusion to get himself recognized as the feudal overland of Scotland. To identify the person, Edward organized a process with best claim to vacant crown, it became known as Great Cause.

It resulted in enthronement of the John Balliol as a King. Nature of Struggle then changed when Robert de Brus became King and war with England continued for many decades, it was a civil war between Bruce dynasty and Comyn-Balliol rivals.

With exception of short period under protectorate Scotland remain a separate state and there was a considerable conflict between crown and Covenanters over forms of the church government.

Abolition of episcopacy and overthrow of Roman Catholic James and Mary became briefly threatened to select the different protestant monarch, after the glorious Revolution. In July of 1706 Treaty of Union agreed between the representatives of Scots Parliament and Parliament of England as well as following year twin Acts of the Union were also passed by both of the Parliaments,

in was only to created United Kingdom of the Great Britain with an effect form 1707.

Deposed Jacobite Stuart had remained famous in Northeast and Highlands, particularly among the non-Presbyterians.

Two major risings of Jacobite however, launched in year 1715 and 1775 that failed to remove House of the Hanover from British throne. Threat of Jacobite movement to United Kingdom as well as its monarchs ended effectively at Battle of the Culloden, which was last pitched battle of Great Britain. This was the defeat that paved way for the large-scale removal of indigenous population of islands and Highlands that is known as Clearances Highland. In 1997, Act of Scotland passed by U.K to establish the Scottish Parliament.