About Scotland

Land and Climate


Area 77,097 sq km (29,767 sq mi)

Highest Point: Ben Nevis in the Grampian Mountains - 1343 m (4,406 ft) above sea level

Lowest Point: Sea level along the coast


Average Temperatures:

  • East Coastal Regions
    • January - 3.9° C (39° F)
    • July - 13.9° C (57° F)
  • Edinburgh
    • January - 3.5° C (38° F)
    • July 14.5° C (58° F)
    Average Annual Precipitation:
  • Western Highlands - 3810 mm (150 in)

Scotland country is the part of United Kingdom and occupying northern third of island of the Great Britain. Scotland shares its boundaries with England to South and to east it is bounded by North Sea, to the north and west there is Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea and North Channel to the southwest. Scotland consists of 790 islands, in addition to mainland, including Hebrides and Northern Isles. Edinburgh is the second largest city as well as the capital of Scotland, it is also considered as on of largest financial centers in Europe.See It was hub of Scottish Enlightenment in 18 th century that saw Scotland becoming an intellectual, commercial and European industrial powerhouse.

Now largest city of Scotland is Glasgow that was one of leading cities of world, now it lies at the center of Great Glasgow with the contribution that dominates Scottish Lowlands.

Waters of Scotland consists a large sector of North Atlantic as well as North Sea, which contain largest Oil reserves in European Union. Scottish Kingdom was an independent until 1707 when the stated joined in political union with England's Kingdom to create United Kingdom (Great Britain).

This was the Union that resulted Treaty of Agreed Union in late 1706 by putting into the effect and having acts of Union, which were passed by Parliament of the both countries.

Head of Scottish state is monarch of United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth II (current) since 1952. Elizabeth II title caused the controversy around time of Queen's coronation.

Country has the limited self-government within United Kingdom and representation in Parliament of United Kingdom; legislative and Executive powers have also been developed to Scottish government, respectively, and to the parliament of Scotland Holyrood in city Edinburgh.

Parliament of United Kingdom retains over the set list of that are specified explicitly in 1998's Act of Scotland as reserve matters.

Scotland Population

Population of Scotland was expected originally to start falling as dramatically deaths and outstripped births. Inward migration however and increased births have also reserved downward trend of population. Immigration has also a significant effect on the increasing birth rate of Scotland. Four year back First Scottish Minister McConnell state that country is sitting on "demographic time bomb". Decline population was biggest threat, he felt, facing Scotland.

A helping factor in the population of Scotland was scheme of Fresh Talent that allowed the skilled immigrant from European Union to work in Scotland.

Scotland covers about 78,782 km2 of areas by giving it the population density of almost 64 inhabitants on per square kilometer, 70% population of country live in Central Lowlands in northeast-southwest a fertile valley between cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh.

Highlands of country have lowest population density at about 8 inhabitants per s. kilometer, and city of Glasgow has highest population at 3,292 inhabitants at per s. kilometer. An estimating population of country as well as birth records, marriages and deaths, is overseen by General Register office of the Scotland.

Under the registration term of births, marriages and deaths, Act 1965 General Register must present annual report of the demographic trends to the Scottish Ministers (previous Secretary of State). Figure showed that population of Scotland had risen to the 5,144,200 by the year 2007 with increase of 27,300 compare to previous year.

Increase in population was due to highest levels of migrations from other parts of U.K as well as abroad sine 1950s. About 63,000 people left Scotland although, but near 90,000 came here also, they were mostly from the U.K. Population of mid 2007 estimates showed births given by the mothers from Eastern Europe that was the reason for rise in birth rate.

Scottish population reached at its high level since the year 1983.